Santa Monica Mountains Trails Council Plants Resource Page

Plant of the Month - California Buttercup

Beach Evening Primrose

California Buttercup

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Plant Description

Common Name(s):California Buttercup
Scientific Name:Ranunculus californicus
Family:Ranunculaceae
Plant Type:Perennial
Size:up to 30 inches
Habitat:Chaparral, Oak Woodland
Blooms:February to May

California buttercup Ranunculus californicus, is a flowering plant of the buttercup family Ranunculaceae. A native of California, where it is common in many habitats, including chaparral, woodlands of California, north into Oregon and south into Baja California. Look for this plant in early in the Spring in grassy areas where the soil contains clay.


Flowers of the California buttercup - formed from five green sepals, exhibit much variation:
  • There can be seven to twenty-two 22 elliptic, yellow, overlapping petals
  • numerous stamens and pistils
This is the only species in our area having a flower with more than ten bright Yellow petals. Some authors suggest the flower resembles a water lily. As the plant goes to seed goes to seed there remains a green center (the gynoecium - the female part of a flower, comprising one or more carpels), surrounded by spiky carpels. Leaves are thick, divided into three segments and have rounded lobed edges. With branches going every which way, this plant grows sideways (2 to 3 feet) rather than upwards (1 to 2 feet). Stems and leaves can be smooth or slightly hairy. The petals have a 'waxy' appearance and have a way of reflecting light that makes the flower difficult to photograph.
Ranunculus californicus has palmately lobed and compound basal leaves similar to delphiniums (Larkspurs) - Not a surprise since they are members of the same plant family. California buttercup blooms in the first part of Spring and the plant is withered by the start of Summer.
Native Americans cooked the seeds and then ground the seeds into an edible form (meal) that tasted like popcorn!
Name Origin:Link to Calfora.net - the best source of this information
Ranun'culus: from the Latin rana, "little frog," because many species tend to grow in moist places (ref. genus Ranunculus)
califor'nica/califor'nicum/califor'nicus: of or from California (too many references to list)

Other Similar Plants:
Scarlet Larkspur Delphinium cardinale
Virgin's Bower Clematis lasiantha
Blue Larkspur Delphinium parryi, Delphinium patens

Plant of the Month for: December 2017
Last modified: October 06 2017 20:59:15.
References:
Wildflowers of the Santa Monica Mountains, by Milt McAuley
Flowering Plants: The Santa Monica Mountains, Coastal and Chaparral Regions of Southern California, by Nancy Dale
Images Botanical Terms for Leaves