Santa Monica Mountains Trails Council Plants Resource Page

Plant of the Month - Snowberry

Image Gallery - Click to enlarge

Plant Description

Common Name(s):Snowberry
Scientific Name:Symphoricarpos mollis
Family:Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle)
Plant Type:Shrub or Tree
Size:up to 18 inches
Habitat:Chaparral
Blooms:March to May
Fire Response:Stump Sprout or Seed

Snowberry - Symphoricarpos mollis - is native to California and takes the form of a small shrub (commonly 18 inches tall by several feet wide). Snowberry grows in various niches - ridges, slopes, open places in woodland from sea level to 5,000 feet. Pictures for this page came from Newton Canyon and Upper Sycamore - near the seasonal creeks. Small flowers that are easy to ignore among the more vibrant blooming annual in April to May may eventually produce unexpectedly white fruits - hence the name. An important food source for birds and provides nesting cover for the endangered least Bell's vireo.


Leaves appear opposite each other on stalks with small hairs; The flowers form in clusters that are light pink and bell-shaped which become snow-white berries in late summer. The fruits are considered unpalatable (kind of a soapy taste) - however birds and animals consume them to help disperse the seeds paving the way for future generations of plants.

Native uses: Crushed leaves were used to treat sores and wounds. The bark was boiled to remedy tuberculosis and venereal disease. Snowberry contains a glycoside categorized as a Saponin. This chemical was used to create plant based soaps and could be used to stun or kill fish. Stems were used for brooms, brushes, arrows and pipes.

Fire response: Fire will top kill this plant. Underground rhizomes survive most cyclical fires (a fire that burns too hot will kill the rhizomes). As a backup, this plant can germinate from seed.


Symphoricarpos: from the Greek symphorein, "borne together," and karpos, "fruit," and so meaning "fruit borne together" because of the clustered berries. The genus Symphoricarpos was published by Henri Louis Duhamel du Monceau in 1755.
mollis: smooth, or with soft velvety hair. www.calflora.net is the source of this info.

Snowberry - Plant of the Month for: September 2021
Last modified: June 12 2020 15:41:09.
References:
Wildflowers of the Santa Monica Mountains, by Milt McAuley
Flowering Plants: The Santa Monica Mountains, Coastal and Chaparral Regions of Southern California, by Nancy Dale
Images Botanical Terms for Leaves