Santa Monica Mountains Trails Council Plants Resource Page
Plant of the Month - Wishbone Bush
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|Common Name(s):||Wishbone Bush|
|Scientific Name:||Mirabilis laevis|
|Size:||up to 18 inches|
|Habitat:||Chaparral and Coastal Sage Scrub|
|Blooms:||November to May|
Wishbone Bush is a plant with a low-growing, many-branched, matted appearance. Its magenta flowers can be found blooming from December to June. It gets its common name from the appearance of its stems, which fork and resemble poultry wishbones. This is especially evident later in the warm season whem leaves have fallen off and the plant is going dormant.
The flowers are under an inch in diameter and pink-to-purple in color, with yellow-orange stamens. What appears to be 10 petals on each flower is really 5 2-parted sepals. A defining characteristic of the Four O'Clock family is this lack of petals. Leaves are opposite along stems and are oval or heart-shaped, about an inch in diameter. The stems are fairly woody towards the bottom but a bit more fragile on top.
These plants are pollinated primarily at night, and the flowers open up in mid-afternoon. These two characteristics earn it its family name. The genus name Mirabilis means "miraculous". The species name laevis is a term that means smoothness, i.e. free from hairs.
Contributed by Liz Baumann
Originally featured: December 2010
Last modified: May 12 2017 23:41:14.
Wildflowers of the Santa Monica Mountains, by Milt McAuley
Flowering Plants: The Santa Monica Mountains, Coastal and Chaparral Regions of Southern California, by Nancy Dale
Botanical Terms for Leaves